Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sheet music

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More about Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Born:
1756
Died:
1791
Era:
18th century
No. of pieces on nkoda:
650

Biography

The composer whose name became synonymous with musical genius, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in 1756 in Salzburg (Austria) into the family of the composer and violinist Leopold Mozart, who was his music teacher. Showing extraordinary musical ability from a very early age, Mozart was five (four according to some researchers) when he started composing short pieces, writing his first symphony at the age of 8 and his first opera, "Mitridate, re di Ponto", staged and performed successfully in Milan in 1770, at just 14. During his childhood and adolescence, Mozart toured extensively with his father - first as a child prodigy (along with his older sister Nannerl), then seeking employment.

These travels allowed him to familiarize himself with and absorb a variety of international musical styles as well as leading to acquaintances with many prominent musicians of his time and gaining him recognition in the musical world. However, it did not result in employment, so Mozart had to return to Salzburg, where, in 1773, he became employed at the court of the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg. Unhappy with this position, Mozart continued to travel frequently in search for a more satisfying one. After a lasting conflict between Mozart and his employer finally lead to his dismissal in 1781, Mozart moved to Vienna to embark on a freelance career, which developed from an initial huge success as a keyboard player and as a composer to years of financial hardship and struggle at the end of the decade to a further rise at the end of his life. Latest scholarship agrees that Mozart's final year would have been only the beginning of a period of great productivity as well as public recognition and success, had it not been for his (much speculated about) death at the age of 35 in December 1791.

Mozart's music is considered to be the epitome of the Classical style and embraces all of the known genres of his time, including 41 symphonies, 22 operas in various operatic genres, 23 original piano concertos written for himself as the soloist as well as concertos for other solo instruments - including the famous Clarinet Concerto. In addition he composed over 40 string quartets and numerous other chamber works, as well as cantatas, oratorios, masses, piano sonatas and other solo piano compositions and, of course, the famous Requiem, which became his final, largely unfinished, work. Mozart's seemingly endless musical inventiveness and melodic generosity, the combination of emotional depth and complexity with perfect accessibility is what makes his music relevant and enjoyable in any day and age. Within the composer's extensive oeuvre, every performer will find something that suits their level and their ambition.

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